Cavazos, Tomasa 1985-09-06

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General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: Tomasa Cabazos

Additional Parties Recorded:

Date: September 6, 1985

Location: Kingsville, Texas

Interviewer: Yolanda Romero



Tape 1, Side 1: Family; Her grandparents were born in Spain and migrated to the United States; Her paternal grandparents lived in the Calavera Ranch; Her parents were born in Texas but lived in Matamoros Tamaulipas, Mexico; Because of the Mexican War of Independence her parents came back to Brownsville; Her parents met each other and got married in the King Ranch; Tomasa Cavazos; Grew up in the Radiche Ranch; She has ten brothers ; Occupation; Her father sowed cotton and corn; Her father raised cattle; Her mother sewed clothes for her family; Radiche Ranch; Was owned by his father; Her father bought the land from the Clipboards; She said that the cost was less that $40 per acre; She said that the ranch covered more than 500 acres; There was no discrimination; Workers were paid $12 a month; There was a 3-year drought.
Tape 1, Side 2: Education; Mexicans and Americans went to the same school; Teachers were bilingual; She didn’t finish school; Radiche Ranch; She said that there was a fire in the ranch;
Tape 2, Side 1: King Ranch; Her husband worked for the ranch as an administrator; The house they used to lived was built by the family King; She said that the people in the ranch spoke only Spanish; There was no discrimination; People didn’t pay any rent; The majority of workers were Mexican; Toma Cavazos moved to Kingsville.
Tape 2, Side 2: King Ranch; The ranch hired Mexican teachers to teach classes in Spanish; Family; Her husband died of pneumonia; She has five children.
Tape 3, Side 1: born October 1900 in Radiche

Range Dates: 1900-1930

Bulk Dates: 1920s

Access Information

Original Recording Format: audio cassette

Recording Format Notes: digitized; CD available in Reading Room

Transcript: drafts of Spanish and English transcripts available in Reading Room

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