Long, Mrs George B 1976

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Tape 1: Mrs. Long discusses her family's history and background. Tape 2: She continues tracing her family history and discusses early medical practices in Texas. Tape 3: Mrs. Long discusses her childhood and what it was like to grow up in West Texas. Tape 4: She continues to discuss her childhood in Westminster, Texas. Tape 5: She continues her childhood recollections, particularly hog killings and soap making. Tape 6: Mrs. Long tells of her family's move to Dexter, New Mexico, and describes early traveling tent shows. Tape 7: She discusses her childhood and the history of Stanton, Texas. Tapes 8 and 9: She recalls life in West Texas during the 1920s. Tape 10: Mrs. Long recalls her academic career at Hardin-Simmons University. Tape 11: She discusses her college experiences, marriage and life in Lubbock, Texas, during the 1930s.

General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: Mrs. George B. Long

Additional Parties Recorded: None

Date: March 4, April 14, 16, 20, 28, 29, June 8, 11, and August 9, 1976

Location: Lubbock, Texas

Interviewer: Joanna Shurbet

Length: 10 hours, 50 minutes


Tape 1, Side 1: Mother's family, Cumberland County, Kentucky, Farming, Father's family, Clinton County "across the river", Storeowners, Grandmother, Florence Bowe Williams, Georgetown University graduate (1876), School teacher, Vinnie Williams, mother, Prentice Marshall Bristol (married January 7, 1900), Flybushes, Dr. J. G. Bowe, great-uncle, Baptist minister, Author, Hired help, Mother's courtship.

Tape 1, Side 2: Mother's courtship (continued), Favorite family story, United States Census (1900), Washington, D. C., Howard University, Typhoid epidemic, River travel, Father, University of Tennessee graduate (1905), Setting up a practice, Grandmother, Divorce, Remarriage, Mr. Whitsun, Move to Floydada (1908), Teacher's Institute, Public office candidate.

Tape 2, Side 1: Parents, Gasoline, Texas (1909), Living conditions, Paducah, Texas (Fall, 1909), Description of early medical practices, Prescriptions.

Tape 2, Side 2: Early doctors, Transportation, Clothing, Laundry procedures, Drought (1910), Louella, Texas, Cotton Belt Railroad, Sister, Jessie Ree Bristow, Piano, Sign of success in home, Early refrigerators, Westminster, Texas (1914), Baptist Academy, Father bought drugstore.

Tape 3, Side 1: Early schooling, Webster's Blueback Speller, Jessie, sister, World War I, Grandmother, Family relations, Typhoid fever, Causes, Treatment.

Tape 3, Side 2: Drugs, Flu epidemic (1918), Calomel, Interurban railroad line, Routes, Automobile (1914), Road conditions, Doctor's rounds, Professional competition, Business ventures, Farm, Oil wells.

Tape 4, Side 1: Religion importance, Baptist Church, Pilot Grove, Texas, Graybill, Texas, Business buildings, Jack Simpson, Partner with P. M. Bristow.

Tape 4, Side 2: Aunt Susie Ree, Brother (born 1919), Westminster, Carbide lights on automobiles, First in Westminster, Childhood entertainment, Adult games, Patent medicines, Cosmetics, Limited selection, Few used, Farming, Family rented out farm, Household chores, Covered buggies described.

Tape 5, Side 1: Adult recreation, Household responsibilities, Drugstore products, Animal medicines, Church choirs, Phonographs, Operation, Columbia Graphonola, Description, Hog killing, Weather importance, Killing and curing procedure.

Tape 5, Side 2: Hog killing (continued), Curing procedure, Favorite dishes, Meat preservation, Sausage making, Procedure, Frying sausage, Rendering lard, Cracklings, Procedure, Soap making, Procedure, Ingredients, Prepared Cured meat, Broom making, Broom corn.

Tape 6, Side 1: Ralph R. Williams, Westminster, Texas, Teacher (1919-1920), Recession, Financial problems, Land dealing, Two farms (1921), Dexter, New Mexico, Dexter, New Mexico (1921), Automobile travel, Ozark Trail, Baptist Church, Tramp dentists, Stanton, Texas, Martin County.

Tape 6, Side 2: Traveling tent shows, Family shows, Comedies, Melodramas, Westerns, Well-known shows, Harley Sadler, Gerrard, Plays, Adaptations of modern plays, Cost, Vaudeville acts, Musicians, Refreshments, Held in summer months, Transportation.

Tape 7, Side 1: Circuses, Stanton, Texas, Railroads, Father, Physician, Trader, Trip to Stanton (October 1922), Range land, Automobile, Roads, Stanton, Texas, Established (1870s), School in courthouse, New school built (1923), School system, Graduating class, Curriculum weak, Superintendent, B. M. Grambling, Curriculum improved, House, Suppergers.

Tape 7, Side 2: Racial situation, Stanton, Suppergers, Livestock, House, Drought (1910-1911), Bankhead Highway (U. S. 80), Dallas-Fort Worth to El Paso, Transcontinental, Paved, Population boom (1907-08; 1920), Crops, Cotton, Sorghum, Banks, First National Bank, Home National Bank, Dr. Vance, major stockholder, Vances, Home Stanton's first hospital, Stanton, Texas, Founded (1870s-1880s), German Catholics, Marionville, original name, Academy of Our Lady of Mercy, Father, Southern Baptist, Mason, Ministers and priests not charged.

Tape 8, Side 1: Convent, Girls' school (1894), Sisters, Educational and cultural center, Railroads, Stanton supplied water, Main passenger line, Fort Worth to California, College (1926), Early families in Stanton, Thomas, McWhorter, Wilkerson, Willingham, Straug, Connell, Peters, A. L. Houston, Dr. Briscoe, father, Whiskey salesman, Prices, Health Officer, Smallpox epidemic, Prophet's room, Preacher's room, Scholarship, Valedictorian, Scholarships, Hardin-Simmons (1926), Carey Aldis, High school history teacher.

Tape 8, Side 2: Orsen family, Ranch in Martin and Midland Counties, House in Stanton, Mr. Orsen, an English Earl, College and women, Texas Tech, Locating committee, Lubbock, Texas (1923), Lubbock party, Mural in Holden Hall, Opened (September 1925), Senior year in high school, Choir, Friends, History, Mrs. Long's major, Graduation, high school.

Tape 9, Side 1: Texas Technological College (1925), Dairy student, Creamery, Social life and recreation (1920s), Parties, Fashion, Lyceum courses, Cultural entertainment, Rabbit drives.

Tape 9, Side 2: Rabbit drives (continued), Procedure, Father, Post-graduate work (1925), Chicago, Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, Various churches visited, Sightseeing.

Tape 10, Side 1: Father's post-graduate work, Financial aid to family, Optometry, Obstetrics, Physical therapy, Hardin-Simmons University, Abilene, Texas, Parents' decision, Coeducational institution, Mary Elizabeth Head, College friends, Desire to study medicine, Professors and administrators, Rupert N. Richardson, Carl Coke Rister.

Tape 10, Side 2: Hardin-Simmons University (continued), Professors and administrators, Dr. Julius Olson, Dr. O. H. Cooper, Dr. J. D. Sandifer, President (1909-1940), Enrollment, College major, History, Education, Extracurricular activities, Dormitory rules, Entertainment, Cowboy Band, D. O. Wiley, Grandmother, Stanton, Texas, Hardin-Simmons University, Baptist Student Union Convention.

Tape 11, Side 1: George B. Long, husband, First meeting, Odd jobs, Paso del Norte Hotel, El Paso, Texas, College friends, Natural gas in homes (1929), Dress length, Hardin-Simmons University, Miss Head, House mother, Graduation (May 1929), Stock market crash (October 1929), Effects in West Texas, School teacher, Salary.

Tape 11, Side 2: School teacher (continued), Big Spring, Texas (February 1931), Oil business, Town growth, Odessa, Texas, Marriage (December 20, 1931), Move to Lubbock, Texas, George B. Long, Jobs, Education.

Range Dates: 1876-1931

Bulk Dates: 1900-1931

Access Information

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