Galindo, Leonel and Arrora 1976-11-04

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The Galindos discuss their early family histories, children, present and past social conditions of Mexican-Americans in the South Plains area.

General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: Leonel and Arrora Galindo

Additional Parties Recorded:

Date: November 4, 1976

Location: Lubbock, Texas

Interviewer: David G. Zepeda

Length: 1 hour, 30 minutes


Tape 1, Side 1: Arrora Galindo Birthdate (April 23, 1919), Leonel Galindo Birthdate (September 26, 1917), Arrora Galindo's parents, Leonel Galindo's parents, Arrora Galindo (again), Grandparents, Leonel Galindo (again), Grandparents , Families' histories, Leonel Galindo's family, In Texas since 1830s, Occupations, Arrora Galindo, Grandparents, Parents, Leonel Galindo, Grandparents, Parents, Arrora Galindo, Community liaison, Leonel Galindo, Texas Employment Commission, Farm worker placements, Supervisor for area offices, Education, Leonel Galindo (again), High school graduate, Erlinda Galindo, daughter, Masters from Texas Tech University, Leonel Galindo, Jr., son, Masters from Texas Tech University, Erlinda Galindo (again), Fulbright Scholar, Arrora Galindo (again), Parents, Spoke and read English, Marriage (1937), To Lubbock, Texas (1952), Leonel Galindo (again), Parents visits, Arrora Galindo (again), Job, Abel Acosta, Director of the Bilingual Program (1971).

Tape 1, Side 2: Arrora Galindo (continued), Job satisfaction, Education, Job duties, Bilingual schools, Leonel Galindo (again), Texas Employment commission, Farming changes, Early years (1950s), Cotton pickers, Discrimination, First Spanish speaking employee at the Lubbock office, of the Texas Employment Commission, Discrimination, Leonel Galindo's anecdote about his first day in Lubbock, Cafe incident, Housing, Anecdote about Leonel Galindo not being a "Mexican", Mexican, Need for self-respect, Early Mexican-Americans, LULAC formed (1955), Confidence builds among Mexican-Americans, Mexicans began to cross the Avenue A "boundary", Dr. Duran, Civil rights pioneer, Lubbock tornado (May 11, 1970), Effects, Population shifts of Mexican-Americans, Chicano, Dislike of the term, Leonel Galindo (again), Anecdote about the FBI agent, Minister's wife, Mexicans' culture and heritage.

Tape 2, Side 1: Mexican-Americans, Traditions and culture, Few changes, Family closeness, Children's loyalty to parents, Leonel Galindo, Jr., Anecdote about children losing their culture, Brooks County Historical Society, Ramon de la Garza land grant, Leonel Galindo's great-grandfather, Issued by the Mexican government (1830), Encounter with Richard King, Anecdote about Mr. Flores losing his land grant, Leonel Galindo (again), Service, Interpreter, Acceptance, Broadened his scope of knowledge, Valley of Texas versus the Lubbock area, Spanish language, Not allowed to be spoken in Lubbock schools (1950s), Now (1970s) it is incorporated through the bilingual program, Mexican-Americans social status, Manuel Salporbeda, Storeowner, Desire for change, Arnett Benson area, The Anglo section of town (1952), Increase in local Mexican-Americans earning degrees from , Texas Tech University (1970s), Jorge Moreno, Early store owner (1953), La Malinche (1947), Anglos owned the rest of the stores, Cafes, "No Mexicans" signs, Changing racial relations, Bo Escobedo, First Mexican-American to graduate from Texas Tech, Erlinda Galindo, First Mexican-Americanto graduate from Monterey, Leonel Galindo (again), First Mexican-American to serve on a Lubbock grand jury (1957).

Tape 2, Side 2: Blank

Range Dates: 1830s-1976

Bulk Dates: 1951-1976

Access Information

Original Recording Format:

Recording Format Notes:


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