Difference between revisions of "Summers, F E 1981, 1982"

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[[Category: Needs Review ]]
[[Category: Needs Review ]]  [[Category: SWC Interviews]] [[category: 1980s]] [[category: boomtowns]] [[category: Crime and Law Enforcement]] [[category: bootlegging]] [[category: Wichita Falls, Texas]] [[category: Ku Klux Klan]]

Latest revision as of 15:49, 21 August 2019

F. E. Summers, former sheriff of Winkler County, Texas, discusses law enforcement in the 1920s and 1930s, particularly in Wink and other oil boomtown areas.

General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: F.E. Summers

Additional Parties Recorded: None

Date: March 31, 1981; August 10, 1982

Location: Kermit, Texas

Interviewer: Richard Mason

Length: 6 hours 50 minutes


Tape 1, Side 1: Wink, Texas, Population (1931), Rapid growth, Tents, Major oil companies, Camps, Crime (1930s), Bootlegging, Bank robberies, Law enforcement officer, Beginning, Wichita Falls, Texas, Speed limit (1924), F. D. (Frank) Summers, father, Summers Tobacco and Candy Company, Store robberies, Burkburnett, Texas, oil boom, Law enforcement problems, Santa Claus Bank Robbery (December 1927), Bandits, Manhunt, Cy Bradford, Strawn officer, Wichita Falls, Texas, Motorcycle officer (1927), Ku Klux Klan activity (1922-1924).

Tape 1, Side 2: Apprehending burglars, Anecdote, Homer Bentley, partner, Guns, Single action, Loading, Blackie Keys, Raymond Hall, Rape, Handcuffs, Raymond Hall (again), Life sentence, Habitual Criminal Act, "Uncle" Bud Russell, Penitentiary agent.

Tape 2, Side 1: Raymond Hall (again), Anecdote, Apprehension, Writer, Murders, Chase scene, To Wink, Texas, Politicians, Dishonest, Bob Williams, escapee, Henry Starr gang, Boomtowns, Loners, Violence, Citizens’ attitudes, Corrupt government, Factions, Wink, Texas, Criminal activity, Boomtowns (again), Struggle for town control, Prostitution, Burials, Criminals, Gambling.

Tape 2, Side 2: H. Lloyd, Burial, Wink, Texas (again), Deputy, Sheriff (1938), Doctor, Heavy Brackeen, Bootlegger, Muggings, W. A. Priest, sheriff, Buck Weaver, deputy, Ferguson administration, Hale Kirby, Texas Ranger, Police and Sheriff Convention, Wolf Gonzales, Red River dispute, Speakeasies.

Tape 3, Side 1: Mr. McCormick, chief of police, Wichita Falls, Texas, Law enforcement, To Wink, Texas (1931), Wild reputation, Buck Weaver, deputy sheriff (again), Anecdote, Drinking problem, Corrupt citizens, Gang members, Peg Wilson, county commissioner, Al Jennings.

Tape 3, Side 2: Wink, Texas 1931 (continued), W. A. Priest, sheriff, Dishonest, George Wright, chief-of-police, Blackie Laughlin, Murdered, Al Jennings, Tony Wilburn, barber, Judge W. E. Cooke, Clyde Barton, County auditor (1931), Anecdote (1945).

Tape 4, Side 1: Red Laughlin, Wichita Falls, Texas (again), Robberies, Law enforcement, Changes, Gun control, Wink, Texas (again), Bootleggers, Law enforcement, Officer brutality, Wink, Texas (again), Prostitution, Counterfeiters, Hijackers, Gun battles, Heavy Brackeen (again), Texas Rangers, Effectiveness.

Tape 4, Side 2: Wink, Texas (continued), Guns, W. A. Priest, sheriff (again), Gambling, Heavy Brackeen (again), Funeral, Ellis Summers, Attempt to resign, Dick Taylor, constable, "Humpty" Jack Norwood, Death, Appearance, Wink, Texas (again), Sam Chambers, Slot machines, "Whoretown", Rumors, Location, Major oil companies, Camps, Locations.

Tape 5, Side 1: "Moonlight and Skies", Song, Raymond Hall, composer, Law enforcement officers, Murders, Penal code, Importance, Crime, Past versus present, Drug abuse, Prohibition, Ronald Reagan administration, Born (December 31, 1904), Raymond Hall (again), Anecdote, Personality, Peachtree Jones, escaped convict, Apprehension, Fire, Anecdote.

Tape 5, Side 2: Fire (continued), Man killed.

Tape 6, Side 1: Wichita Falls, Texas (again), Constable (1924), Father’s business, Marriage (1926), Employment with Police Department (1927), Motorcycle duty, Robberies, Car theft, Shoot-out, Santa Claus bank robbery (again), Hanging.

Tape 6, Side 2: Filling station robbery, Car pursuit, Foot pursuit, Shoot-out, Injuries, Deaths, Criminals involved, Blackie Keys (again), Raymond Hall (again), Court case, Escape from jail, Raymond Hall (again).

Tape 7, Side 1: Resignation, Wichita Falls Police Department, Wink, Texas (again), Oil boom, Crime, Blackie Laughlin, Buck Weaver, Boomtown drifters, Telephone conversation, Wichita Falls, Ambush.

Tape 7, Side 2: Heavy Brackeen (again), Filling station robbery (1932), Bullet wound, Shoot-out, Wink (again), Power structure, Corruption, Prostitution, Elimination, City reform, Walter McCormick, Law enforcement, Excitement, Wink, Blackie Laughlin murder, Significance, Wichita Falls (again), Crime (1920s), Burkburnett, Texas, oil boom.

Tape 8, Side 1: Prohibition, Bootlegging, Law enforcement.

Tape 8, Side 2: Blank

Range Dates: 1904-1945

Bulk Dates: 1920-1945

Access Information

Original Recording Format:

Recording Format Notes:


Thank you for your interest in this oral history interview. Our oral history collection is available to patrons in the Southwest Collection's Reading Room, located on the campus of Texas Tech University. For reading room hours, visit our website. Please contact Reference Staff at least one week prior to your visit to ensure the oral history you are interested in will be available. Due to copyright issues, duplications of our oral histories can only be made for family members. If an oral history transcript has been made available online, the link will be provided on this page. More information on accessing our oral histories is located here. Preferred citation style can be found here.