Vigness, David and Donald McClung 1975-05-05

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At a meeting of the Westerners history club, Dr. Vigness speaks on the history of the Spanish in Texas, and Donald McClung speaks on the history of the Tonkawa Indians. Note: The tape is hard to hear at the beginning.

General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: David Vigness and Donald McClung

Additional Parties Recorded: None

Date: May 05, 1975

Location: None Given

Interviewer: Speeches to Westerners



Tape 1, Side 1: David Vigness [speaker], Spaniards in America, Settlements, Seven Years War, French out of America (1763), English and Spanish in America, American Revolution, French and Spanish involvement, Treaty of Paris (1783), Spanish Contributions to the Western frontier, Galveston, Texas, Conflict during the Revolution, Competition among various national groups, Donald McClung [speaker], Tonkawan Indian meaning, Tonkawa tribe, Language, Clothing, Food, Shelter, Weapons, Social structure, Marriage customs, Death, Wolf Dance description, Cannibalism, Victory celebration, Contacts with Europeans, Location of the Tonkawas in Texas, Relations between the Spanish and the Tonkawas, Description of the Tonkawas, Moving the Tonkawas to a reservation away from white settlers, Different reservations, Aid to Texas and U. S. troops, Tonkawa massacre.

Tape 1, Side 2: Blank

Tape 2, Side 1: Donald McClung (continued), Moved to reservation in Kay County, Oklahoma, Government by a council, Few full-blood Tonkawas left, Tonkawa cannibalism, Service ranks, Tonkawa Indians still alive, Indian codes during World War II, Location of Tonkawa articles, Location of reservations.

Tape 2, Side 2: Blank

Range Dates: 1600-1900

Bulk Dates: 1775-1870

Access Information

Original Recording Format:

Recording Format Notes:


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