Martin, O J Ollie 1983-01-18

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O. J. Martin discusses agriculture in early 20th century Coleman County.

General Interview Information

Interviewee Name: O.J. Ollie Martin

Additional Parties Recorded: None

Date: January 18, 1983

Location: Coleman, Texas

Interviewer: Richard Mason

Length: 45 minutes


Tape 1, Side 1: B: Ellis County, Texas (July 1, 1888), Parents were farmers, Reasons for moving to Coleman County (1888), Land availability, Martin’s experience on the farm as a child, Chores, J. D. Simpson’s cotton gin, Cotton growing in Coleman County, Boll weevils, Grasshoppers, Leaf worms, Poisoning grasshoppers, Drought (1917-1918), "Picking" vs. "Pulling" cotton, Early farm implements, Georgia stock plow and one-horse planter, Auction barns in Brownwood, Texas, Marketing of cotton, Buyers, Labor source, Family, Mexican immigrants, World War I, Good years for farmers, Economic depression (1922), Early petroleum activity (c. 1915), Oil boom, Hauling oil field equipment, 1934 International tractor, Traded for a Model-A, Transition form team animals to tractors, Trading for tractors, Reluctance to mechanize, Growing feed for mules, Milking cows, Selling butter and cream, Selling eggs and fryers, Produce houses, Raising chickens (late 1930s), Cost of eggs and sugar, U. S. government involvement in farming.

Tape 1, Side 2: Government involvement (continued), Effect of mechanization, Acreage cultivated, Subsidy program, Killing of cattle (1934), Coal oil burning incubators, Water source, Significant changes in agriculture, Mechanization, Equipment, Acreage farmed, Crops grown, Good years for farming, Drought (1948), Joke, Financing of land, Banks, Abandonment of farming in post-war era, Qualities of a good farmer, Land prices (late 19th-early 20th century).

Range Dates: 1900-1948

Bulk Dates: 1900-1920

Access Information

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